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해외주문 [Book] The Persian Letters

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이 책의 연관상품

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상품상세정보
ISBN 9780140442816(0140442812)
쪽수 352쪽
언어 English
크기 128(W) X 198(H) X 22(T) (mm)
Revised
총권수 1권
시리즈명 Penguin Classics
리딩지수 Level General Adult

책소개

이 책이 속한 분야

프랑스 계몽사상의 대표자 몽테스키외가 32세의 나이에 익명으로 발표, 일약 그를 사교계의 유명인사로 만든 서간체 풍자 소설. 프랑스를 여행하는 페르시아인의 눈을 통해 당시 우월감과 자만심에 가득 차 있던 프랑스인과 프랑스 사회를 날카롭게 풍자했으며, 동시에 이후 <법의 정신>을 비롯한 몽테스키외의 일련의 저작에서 펼쳐지게 되는 법, 군주, 종교, 인권, 자유, 개인, 덕, 정의 등에 대한 사상의 근간들을 엿볼 수 있다.

This richly evocative novel-in-letters tells the story of two Persian noblemen who have left their country--the modern Iran--to journey to Europe in search in wisdom. As they travel, they write home to wives and eunuchs in the harem and to friends in France and elsewhere. Their colorful observations on the culture differences between West and East conjure up Eastern sensuality, repression, and cruelty in contrast to the freer, more civilized West--but here also unworthy nobles and bishops, frivolous women in fashion, and conceited people of all kinds are satirized. Storytellers as well as letter-writers, Montesquieu's Usbek and Rica are disrespectful and witty, but also serious moralists. Persian Letters was a succ?s de scandale in Paris society, and encapsulates the libertarian, critical spirit of the early eighteenth century.
C. J. Betts's translation conveys the color of the original, and his introduction examines the inner meanings of Montesquieu's satire. This edition also includes explanatory notes, appendices, and suggestions for further reading.
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목차

Introduction 17 (17)
Further reading 34 (3)
PERSIAN LETTERS 37 (248)
Montesquieu's Preface 39 (2)
Letter 1 Usbek to Rustan. The virgin of Kum; 41 (1)
Usbek's and Rica's quest for knowledge
2 Usbek to the First Black Eunuch. The 41 (1)
eunuch's office-service and command; orders
concerning the wives
3 Zashi to Usbek. Memories of winning a 42 (2)
contest of beauty against the other wives;
reproaches for Usbek's departure
4 Zephis to Usbek. Protests against being 44 (1)
deprived of the slave-girl Zelid
5 Rustan to Usbek. Disapproval in Ispahan of 45 (1)
Usbek's departure
6 Usbek to Nessir. Regrets at leaving his 45 (1)
country and his wives; jealous fears for the
future
7 Fatme to Usbek. Dreams about Usbek; 46 (2)
women's desires and the advantage men take of
them
8 Usbek to Rustan. Reasons for his 48 (1)
departure: dangers at court for a man of
virtue
9 The first Eunuch to Ibbi. His castration; 49 (3)
tactics of both sides in the conflict between
eunuchs and wives
Letter 10 Mirza to Usbek. Does virtue lead 52 (1)
to happiness?
11 Usbek to Mirza. His answer: the parable 53 (3)
of the Troglodytes, whose complete
selfishness led to disaster
12 Usbek to the same. The Troglodytes: a 56 (2)
second more virtuous generation prospers
13 Usbek to the same. The Troglodytes: 58 (2)
examples of unselfish behaviour; defeat of
the invaders
14 Usbek to the same. The Troglodytes: 60 (1)
election of a king; his regrets
15 The First Eunuch to Jahrum. His affection 61 (1)
for Jahrum; how he looked after him in boyhood
16 Usbek to Mohammed Ali. Admiration of the 62 (1)
mullah's wisdom and request for his protection
17 Usbek to the same. Why is pork impure? 63 (1)
18 Mohammed Ali to Usbek. His answer: a 64 (2)
legend about the animals in the Ark
19 Usbek to Rustan. Turkey: economic and 66 (1)
military backwardness
20 Usbek to Zashi. Reproaches for being 67 (2)
found alone with a eunuch
21 Usbek to the First White Eunuch. Threats 69 (1)
of punishment if he is not more careful
22 Jahrum to the First Eunuch. Usbek's 70 (1)
decision to send Jahrum back to Ispahan
23 Usbek to Ibben. First reactions to a 71 (1)
European town
24 Rica to Ibben. Surprising aspects of 72 (2)
French life; the King's power over his
subjects, and the Pope's over him; his
invisible enemies
Letter 25 Usbek to Ibben. Rhedi, Rica, and 74 (1)
Usbek's feelings for Ibben
26 Usbek to Roxana. Her chastity and her 75 (3)
love for Usbek compared to the immodesty of
French women
27 Usbek to Nessir. Letters for Ispahan; his 78 (1)
feelings of depression
28 Rica to ***. Curious sights at the 79 (2)
theatre; a letter from an actress at the Opera
29 Rica to Ibben. The Pope, bishops, heresy, 81 (2)
and the Inquisition
30 Rica to the same. The interest taken in 83 (1)
him by the Parisians until he changes his
costume
31 Rhedi to Usbek. Advantages and 84 (1)
disadvantages of Venice for a Muslim
32 Rica to ***. The Fifteen-Score 84 (1)
33 Usbek to Rhedi. Physical and rational 85 (1)
remedies for despondency
34 Usbek to Ibben. The gaiety of the French 86 (2)
in comparison with Persians; the influence of
eunuchs in this respect
35 Usbek to Jemshid. Request for his views 88 (1)
on the Christians; similarities between
Christianity and Islam
36 Usbek to Rhedi. Coffee-houses and the 89 (2)
disputes which go on in them; other habitual
controversialists
37 Usbek to Ibben. Louis XIV: 91 (1)
inconsistencies in his behaviour
38 Rica to Ibben. Eastern and Western 92 (2)
attitudes to women; a philosopher's feminist
arguments
Letter 39 Hadji Ibbi to ben Joshua. Legends 94 (1)
of the birth of Mohammed
40 Usbek to Ibben. Funerals, and the Grand, 95 (1)
Mogul's weight
41 The First Black Eunuch to Usbek. 96 (1)
Suggestion that a slave should be castrated
42 Pharan to Usbek. Plea to be spared 97 (1)
castration
43 Usbek to Pharan. Pharan's plea granted 98 (1)
44 Usbek to Rhedi. Examples of social 98 (1)
conceit, in France and elsewhere
45 Rica to Usbek. An alchemist and his 99 (2)
fortune
46 Usbek to Rhedi. How to please God 101(1)
independently of sectarian disputes
47 Zashi to Usbek. An adventurous expedition 102(2)
48 Usbek to Rhedi. In a country house: a 104(5)
tax-farmer, a society confessor, a poet, an
old soldier and a womanizer
49 Rica to Usbek. A monk's plans for a 109(1)
mission to Persia
50 Rica to ***. Praise of modesty; a 110(1)
conceited talker
51 Nargum to Usbek. Russia, its king, and 111(2)
some strange customs concerning women; letter
from a Russian wife
52 Rica to Usbek. The vanity of four women, 113(2)
from twenty to eighty
53 Zelis to Usbek. Plans for a marriage 115(1)
between a eunuch and a slave-girl
54 Rica to Usbek. Two would-be wits discuss 116(2)
their tactics
55 Rica to Ibben. European customs 118(1)
concerning sex and marriage
56 Usbek to Ibben. Gambling and its 119(1)
popularity with French women
57 Usbek to Rhedi. Monks and their vows; 120(2)
conversation with a casuist
58 Rica to Rhedi. Ingenious ways of making a 122(1)
living in Paris
59 Rica to Usbek. Self-interested nostalgia; 123(2)
the relativity of human judgements
60 Usbek to Ibben. Judaism and other 125(1)
religions; the decline of intolerance in
Europe
61 Usbek to Rhedi. A clergyman on the 126(2)
difficulties of relationships with the laity
62 Zelis to Usbek. The upbringing of her 128(1)
daughter; factors involved in women's
subordination to men; her private pleasures
63 Rica to Usbek. National character and the 129(1)
influence of women in France and Persia
64 The Chief Black Eunuch to Usbek. 130(3)
Indiscipline in the seraglio; recommendations
to follow the methods of the eunuch's first
teacher
65 Usbek to his wives. Reproaches for their 133(1)
bad behaviour
66 Rica to ***. Intellectual pretensions in 134(1)
France; foolish writers; attack on
anthologists
67 Ibben to Usbek. Friendship; the story of 135(8)
Apheridon and Astarte, the Gabar brother and
sister
68 Rica to Usbek. The judge who sold his 143(1)
books
69 Usbek to Rhedi. The perfections of God; 144(3)
how can men have free will if God foresees
their actions?
Letter 70 Zelis to Usbek A young man 147(1)
repudiates his newly-married wife
71 Usbek to Zelis. The impossibility of 148(1)
proving whether a woman is a virgin
72 Rica to Usbek. The decisioneer 148(1)
73 Rica to ***. The idiosyncrasies of the 149(1)
French Academy
74 Usbek to Rica. Arrogance and sense of 150(1)
position in noblemen
75 Usbek to Rhedi. Christian changeability 151(1)
and unfaithfulness to their beliefs
76 Usbek to Ibben. Doubts concerning suicide 152(2)
77 Ibben to Usbek. Reasons for laws against 154(1)
suicide
78 Rica to Usbek. Spanish solemnity, pride, 155(2)
devoutness, and other oddities; French lunacy
79 The Chief Black Eunuch to Usbek. 157(1)
Inspection and purchase of a Circassian
slave-girl
80 Usbek to Rhedi. The best mode of 158(2)
government; the advantages of a mild policy
in dealing with political crimes
81 Nargum to Usbek. The Tartars and their 160(1)
unrecorded glory
82 Rica to Ibben. Bad habits in conversation 161(1)
83 Usbek to Rhedi. The universal principle 162(1)
of justice, in God and man
84 Rica to ***. Praise of the Invalides and 163(1)
its inhabitants
85 Usbek to Mirza. The disadvantages of 164(2)
religious intolerance, in Persia and Europe
86 Rica to ***. Families and family law 166(1)
87 Rica to ***. Sociability carried to 167(2)
extremes; epitaph of a visitor
88 Usbek to Rhedi. Social importance in 169(1)
France and Persia
89 Usbek to Ibben. The desire for glory and 169(2)
its consequences in France, the ancient
states, and Persia
90 Usbek to the same. The feudal `point of 171(1)
honour'
91 Usbek to Rustan. An unworthy envoy from 172(1)
Persia
92 Usbek to Rhedi. Louis XIV's death and 173(1)
Philippe d'Orleans' manoeuvres to become
regent
93 Usbek to his brother the santon. The 174(1)
santon's holiness; the interpretation of
legends about hermits
94 Usbek to Rhedi. International law and its 175(1)
distortions
95 Usbek to the same. Sanctions in 176(2)
international law
96 The First Eunuch to Usbek. Purchase of an 178(2)
Indian woman for Usbek's brother's seraglio;
effects of her arrival there; plea for
Usbek's return
97 Usbek to Hosain. Western science and 180(2)
Eastern religion
98 Usbek to Ibben. The swiftness of changes 182(1)
of fortune in France
99 Rica to Rhedi. The caprices of fashion 183(1)
100 Rica to the same. French authority over 184(2)
fashion and dependence in legislative matters
101 Usbek to ***. The ignorant bishop and 186(1)
his adviser
102 Usbek to Ibben. The exercise of royal 187(2)
power in Europe and Persia
Letter 103 Usbek to the same. The Asians' 189(1)
indifference towards their rulers and the
likelihood of assassination
104 Usbek to the same. English ideas about 190(2)
the bond between king and people
105 Rhedi to Usbek. Doubts concerning the 192(1)
value of technical progress
106 Usbek to Rhedi. Refutation of Rhedi's 193(3)
doubts; the dependence of national power on
the industriousness of the people
107 Rica to Ibben. The young Louis XV; the 196(2)
political influence of women
108 Usbek to ***. Literary journals; 198(1)
reviews, reviewers and writers
109 Rica to ***. Trivial controversies at 199(1)
the University of Paris and in Spain
110 Rica to ***. The difficulties of being a 200(1)
women of fashion
111 Usbek to ***. Propaganda warfare at the 201(1)
time of the Fronde
112 Rhedi to Usbek. The problem of the 202(2)
depopulation of the modern world
113 Usbek to Rhedi. Universal catastrophes 204(2)
which cause depopulation; the Flood and the
question of the creation of man
114 Usbek to the same. Polygamy as a cause 206(2)
of depopulation
115 Usbek to the same. How the Roman slave 208(1)
system encouraged population and wealth
116 Usbek to the same. The Christian ban on 209(2)
divorce as a cause of depopulation
117 Usbek to the same. Monasticism as a 211(2)
cause of depopulation; economic advantages of
Protestantism
118 Usbek to the same. The African slave 213(1)
trade as a cause of depopulation
119 Usbek to the same. Religious and other 214(1)
beliefs which affect population
120 Usbek to the same. Causes of 215(1)
depopulation among primitive tribes
121 Usbek to the same. Colonies as a cause 216(3)
of depopulation; the disasters due to the
Conquistadores
122 Usbek to the same. The effect on 219(2)
population of different modes of government
123 Usbek to Mohammed Ali. Defeats inflicted 221(1)
by the Christians on the Turks
124 Usbek to Rhedi. The generosity of kings 221(2)
to their courtiers; an imaginary edict in
their favour, at the expense of other classes
125 Rica to ***. The pleasures of Paradise; 223(1)
a Hindu widow and the rite of suttee
126 Rica to Usbek. Sympathy towards a prince 224(1)
imprisoned for conspiracy
127 Rica to Ibben. The chief minister of 225(1)
Charles XII of Sweden and ministerial
influence on kings
128 Rica to Usbek. In a coffee-house; the 226(3)
mathematician and the translator of Horace
Letter 129 Usbek to Rhedi. The shortcomings 229(1)
of legislators; the importance of paternal
authority
130 Rica to ***. The futilities of 230(3)
newsmongers; three letters from them
131 Rhedi to Rica. The prevalence of 233(2)
republican government in ancient times
132 Rica to ***. In a coffee-house: the 235(2)
value of money as against land; fears of
military and cosmic disasters
133 Rica to ***. A monastery library; the 237(1)
monk and the refectory bell
134 Rica to the same. The library: books 238(1)
concerned with religion
135 Rica to the same. The library: various 239(2)
sciences; an argument about astrology
136 Rica to the same. The library: national 241(2)
histories
137 Rica to the same. The library: works of 243(1)
literature
138 Rica to Ibben. Financial policy in 244(2)
France: its changeability, complexity, and
bizarre social consequences
139 Rica to the same. Greatness of character 246(1)
in two queens of Sweden
140 Rica to Usbek. The Parlement of Paris 246(1)
exiled; duties of Parlements to king and
people
141 Rica to the same. Two stories: Anals in 247(7)
Paradise, and the two Ibrahims
142 Rica to Usbek. A letter from an 254(4)
antiquarian scholar; a mythological fragment
about the son of Aeolus
Letter 143 Rica to Nathaniel Levi. Arguments 258(6)
against magic spells; a letter from a doctor
on curing insomnia by reading; prescriptions
following the same principle
144 Usbek to Rica. Conceit and modesty 264(1)
145 Usbek to ***. The social disadvantages 265(3)
of an intellectual; a letter from a
scientist; the risks of publishing
146 Usbek to Rhedi. The degradation of a 268(2)
nation by a finance minister
147 The Chief Eunuch to Usbek. Faults 270(1)
committed by Usbek's wives
148 Usbek to the First Eunuch. Orders to 271(1)
investigate without pity
149 Narsit to Usbek. Death of the Chief 271(1)
Eunuch
150 Usbek to Narsit. Reiteration of his 272(1)
orders
151 Solim to Usbek. Usbek's wives suspected 272(2)
of infidelity
152 Narsit to Usbek. Assurances that all is 274(1)
well; loss of a letter from Usbek
153 Usbek to Solim. Orders to avenge his 274(1)
honour
154 Usbek to his wives. Appointment of Solim 275(1)
as Chief Eunuch
155 Usbek to Nessir. Anxieties about the 275(1)
seraglio and fears of what he will find on
his return
156 Roxana to Usbek. Protests at Solim's 276(1)
measures
157 Zashi to Usbek. Protests at being 277(1)
punished by Solim
158 Zelis to Usbek. Protests at Usbek's 278(1)
orders
159 Solim to Usbek. Roxana's infidelity and 279(1)
the death of her lover
Letter 160 Solim to Usbek. Decision to punish 280(1)
161 Roxana to Usbek. Her true feelings for 280(3)
Usbek; her revenge on the eunuchs and her
suicide
Montesquieu's `Some Reflections on the 283(2)
Persian Letters' (1754)
Appendix: Letters' and fragments not published 285(16)
by Montesquieu
Notes 301

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